Participants for the Miss Nicaragua contest must be between 18 and 28 years old, not married, and have no children. After participants are chosen, 16 candidates are elected and represent their region. The majority of Miss Nicaragua winners have been from Managua.
The winner will succeed Miss Nicaragua 2016 Marina Jacoby. Jacoby competed at the Miss Universe 2016 pageant but Unplaced.
Despite only having had only three Miss Universe Semifinalists to date (1977, 2007, 2013; Nicaragua has done well in other international beauty pageants.